President Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday signed Executive Order 009 to eradicate the practice of open defecation by 2025.
According to a statement by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Femi Adesina, the executive order takes effect from Wednesday, November 20, 2019.
The order is tagged “The Open Defecation-Free Nigeria by 2025 and Other Related Matters Order.”
The President said the executive order became necessary after Nigeria was “ranked second amongst the nations in the world with the highest number of people practising open defecation estimated at over 46 million people – a practice which has had a negative effect on the populace, and has contributed to the country’s failure to meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).”
President Buhari described the statistics as disturbing and had declared commitment to implement the National Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Action Plan. He also declared a State of Emergency on Nigeria’s water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector.
By the executive order, all public places must have accessible toilets and latrines within their premises.
The National Assembly and the State Houses of Assembly shall enact legislation on the practice of open defecation with appropriate sanctions and penalties.
The Order, according to the statement, are as follows:
1. That by this Order, Nigeria is committed to being open defecation free by 2025.
2. That the National Open Defecation Free (ODF) Roadmap developed by the Federal Ministry of Water Resources with support from other key sector players across Nigeria be put into effect.
3. a. There is established in the Federal Ministry of Water Resources a National Secretariat called “Clean Nigeria Campaign Secretariat”.
b. The Secretariat is authorized on behalf of the President to implement this Order by ensuring that all public places including schools, hotels, fuel stations, places of worship, market places, hospitals and offices have accessible toilets and latrines within their premises.
4. All Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) of government shall cooperate with the Clean Nigeria Campaign Secretariat.
5. The National Assembly and the State Houses of Assembly shall enact legislation on the practice of open defecation with appropriate sanctions and penalties.
6. All development projects shall include construction of sanitation facilities as an integral part of the approval and implementation process.
7. The Secretariat shall terminate when Nigeria is declared Open Defecation Free.
8. All enforcement authorities are hereby directed to diligently collaborate with the Federal Ministry of Water Resources in implementing this Order.